As a homeowner eventually there will come a time when you have to do toilet repair. Most times it is something simple that a homeowner can fix but if is a serious repair you will need to call a licensed plumber to have the toilet repair done. One thing that every homeowner should have on hand is a plunger, as many of the problems with a toilet involve unclogging them. If there are problems with the water flow, it can generally be solved by adjusting the ballcock, which is the device that is designed to enable the water tank of the toilet to fill up without overflowing. It has a floating ball attached to a lever, which is attached to the valve that connects to the inflow of the water into the tank.
The toilet repair problem that is most common is a clogged toilet. When you use the plunger to unstop the toilet make sure the cup of the plunger covers the toilet drain before you push down vigorously several times to free the clog so the toilet can empty and fill back up. Before you use the plunger, make sure that there is enough water in the bowl because to get a good seal water must cover the suction cup. If more water is needed add it using a bucket instead of flushing it again. With it being clogged, flushing it again could cause the toilet to overflow, causing more problems.
Eventually you will have to replace the toilet seat because it can become loose and start to wiggle when you sit down. It is simple to replace the seat. You just have to remove the nuts that are holding the seat in place so you can remove it. If the toilet seat has been on for a while, you may find that the nuts have corroded and will not move. To lubricate them so they are easier to get out just a little WD40 or other lubricating oil. Once you have removed the old seat clean off the porcelain before you bolt the new seat in place. The seat needs to be tight and secure but make sure that you do not over-tighten the nuts.
If the toilet seems to run continually after it has filled up the problem may be with the ballcock. This device shuts the water off from the refill valve after the tank is full. If you lift the arm and the water shuts off, you just need to adjust the ballcock. The arms of the ballcock are threaded like screws so it is easy to adjust it. Turn it counterclockwise for it to sit lower in the tank to close the shutoff valve sooner. If this does not work, you should replace it.